Best Endocrinologist in Delhi NCR | Dr Hemi Soneja

July 13, 2024


Senior Consultant Diabetes & Obesity Medicine

  • Spandan Super Specialty Clinic
  • MBBS, DGO, Diplomate - American Board of Family Medicine,
  • Diplomate - American Board of Obesity Medicine,
  • PG Diabetes Diploma (UK)
  • PG Diploma Endocrinology (UK)

Dr Hemi Soneja is a Senior Consultant in Diabetes & Obesity Medicine with over 18 years of clinical experience in medicine. Dr Hemi is also a Faculty at the University of South Wales, the UK in Diabetes & Obesity Medicine. Dr Hemi Soneja is one of the very few American Board of Obesity Medicine trained doctors in India. Dr Hemi Soneja is a renowned Endocrinologist in Delhi.

She has worked as a Consultant Physician and Obesity Medicine specialist at University Hospitals, Cleveland, USA. She completed her Family Medicine training from Guthrie Clinic, Pennsylvania, USA, after which she trained in Obesity Medicine and certified with the American Board of Obesity Medicine (ABOM). She is also a Endocrinologist in Delhi, having trained in Diabetes management from the USA and obtained a Diploma in Diabetes & Endocrinology from Glamorgan University, UK. She has several research papers and presentations in National and International Journals and societies.

Clinical Expertise/Interests:
Dr Hemi Soneja has a global experience managing lifestyle-related conditions like Obesity, Diabetes and other hormonal disorders including Thyroid and Parathyroid disorders, PCOS, Hyperprolactinemia, Osteoporosis etc. She is an excellent Obesity Specialist Doctor in Delhi. She can treat complicated diabetes, including insulin pumps. She also sees patients before and after Bariatric or Metabolic Surgery to optimise therapy and continued weight loss after that. She believes in providing comprehensive care for her patients seeking weight management and associated managing conditions like diabetes, high BP, cholesterol etc.

Endocrine glands are groups of cells that make hormones that enable vital bodily functions like metabolism, development and growth, mood, reproduction, and even sleep. Endocrine disorders develop due to hormonal imbalances or an abnormal gland. There are many common and uncommon endocrine disorders that require the expertise of an endocrinologist in Delhi.

If you seek the best treatment for your endocrine condition in Delhi, consult Dr. Hemi Soneja, one of the top endocrinologists in Delhi who has many years of experience in treating many conditions by creating a personalised plan.

Endocrinology is a speciality in medicine that deals with the diseases caused by hormonal imbalances in the body. It is a vast branch covering many diseases. It takes years to become an experienced Endocrinologist. A wide range of diseases are caused by fluctuating levels of different hormones depending on the affected organ and hormone.

Endocrinologists deal with a number of diseases caused by hormonal disturbances like:

  • Diabetes
  • Addison’s diseases
  • Cushing’s disease
  • Grave’s disease
  • Hashimoto disease, etc

The most common hormonal disease that is frequently seen in the population nowadays is diabetes. The basic problem in diabetes is the increased blood sugar levels. This can happen due to two main reasons, based on which diabetes is divided into two types:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  2. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

But the diabetes treatment in Gurgaon and Delhi is not that simple. Only an experienced endocrinologist can provide you the best treatment you deserve.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, there is an inherent deficiency of insulin in the body. Appropriate amount of insulin is not produced by the pancreas which leads to increased blood sugar levels. Insulin helps the glucose move into the cell from blood. Deficiency of insulin inhibits this process, thus causing an increase in the blood sugar levels.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the main problem is insulin resistance. Although the pancreas produces enough insulin for the body, the body cells are not receptive to this insulin and hence glucose is unable to move into the cell causing increased blood sugar levels.

What is an Endocrinologist?

An endocrinologist is a medical specialist who focuses on the endocrine system, a complex network of glands that produce hormones. These hormones play vital roles in regulating various bodily functions, ensuring balance and coordination among different systems. Endocrinologists are highly trained physicians dedicated to diagnosing, treating, and managing disorders related to hormonal imbalances.

What Does an Endocrinologist Treat?

Endocrinologists specialize in addressing a wide array of conditions associated with hormonal disturbances. These conditions include:-

  1. Diabetes: Endocrinologists are pivotal in managing diabetes, a chronic condition characterized by abnormal blood sugar levels. They assist patients with type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes, employing various treatments to optimize blood glucose control.
  2. Thyroid Disorders: Conditions affecting the thyroid gland, such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancer, fall under the purview of endocrinologists. They conduct thorough assessments using blood tests and imaging studies to evaluate thyroid function.
  3. Adrenal Gland Disorders: Endocrinologists diagnose and treat disorders related to the adrenal glands, including Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome, and adrenal tumors.
  4. Pituitary Disorders: The pituitary gland, often referred to as the "master gland," plays a crucial role in regulating other endocrine glands. Endocrinologists address disorders affecting the pituitary gland, such as tumors and hormonal imbalances.
  5. Metabolic Disorders: Endocrinologists manage metabolic disorders, including obesity and lipid (cholesterol) abnormalities. They offer guidance on lifestyle modifications, prescribe medications, and recommend interventions to address metabolic imbalances.
  6. Reproductive Endocrinology: For issues related to fertility, menstrual irregularities, and hormonal changes during menopause, individuals may seek the expertise of reproductive endocrinologists.
  7. Osteoporosis: Endocrinologists are involved in the assessment and management of conditions affecting bone health, such as osteoporosis.
  8. Hormonal Imbalances: Any condition involving an imbalance in hormone levels, whether related to growth, puberty, or sex hormones, falls within the scope of endocrinology.

Endocrinologists employ a comprehensive approach to patient care, utilizing diagnostic tools, medical treatments, and lifestyle interventions. They work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals to provide personalized care, emphasizing the importance of achieving hormonal balance for overall health and well-being.

How are Endocrine Disorders Diagnosed?

Anybody can be diagnosed with an endocrine disorder if their hormone levels are abnormally low or high and if the body fails to respond to hormones appropriately. There are many common endocrine diseases and disorders, from diabetes to thyroid, that can affect your life in many ways, and you need to make some changes in your daily life routine. It is best to consult the best endocrinologist in Delhi to get yourself checked.

The specialist will ask for a urine test in general, along with genetic tests, MRI, hormone tests, and blood tests based on your condition. After confirming the diagnosis of the condition, the doctor will treat it successfully with excellent results. The doctor will diagnose the disorder by using the following:

  • Genetic tests to check for gene abnormalities that make a person more prone to endocrine disorders.
  • Urine tests to determine other issues like infections and kidney problems.
  • Imaging tests include CT scans and MRI scans to evaluate cancer or tumours.
  • A hormone test to determine if a person has abnormally low or high levels of some hormones.

The Symptoms of Endocrine Disorders

All types of endocrine conditions or disorders have widespread symptoms that affect many parts of the body mildly or severely. Some disorders do not need hospitalisation, but a few cases with severe symptoms like difficulty breathing or chest pain may need it. It is always recommended to seek the guidance of experienced endocrinologists in Delhi NCR like Dr. Hemi Soneja.

There are some common symptoms of endocrine disorders and conditions that can affect the whole body and overall well-being. Some common signs are:

  • Feeling of exhaustion
  • Swelling on the face or change in overall appearance
  • Intolerance to cool temperatures
  • Melancholy
  • Memory impairment can also lead to memory loss
  • Enlargement of thyroid gland
  • Swollen eyes
  • Discomfort in joints and muscles
  • Stiffness and weakness in muscles
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Less sexual feeling
  • Swollen eyes

There are many other common symptoms as well, like vomiting, drastic weight gain or weight loss, diarrhoea, nausea, and inability to eat. If in case you notice any of the above symptoms it is best to consult an endocrinology doctor without any delay to get successfully treated.

Dr Hemi Soneja, one of the best endocrinologists in Delhi, is known for offering quality healthcare services that combine advanced treatment options with effectiveness. Schedule your appointment to get yourself checked early and to get on-time treatment.

The Causes of Endocrine Disorder

A hormone imbalance mainly causes the endocrine disorder as the gland produces too much or else too less of a hormone. This hormonal imbalance is because of issues with the endocrine system, that help to keep hormones in the body properly balanced. Still, it can create problems that can lead to malfunctioning and cause this imbalance. Some causes are listed below:

  • Infection or disease
  • Genetic disorder
  • Endocrine gland injury
  • Nodules or tumors develop in the system

The Causes of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a very common metabolic disease that affects over 422 million people worldwide and is responsible for 1.6 million deaths annually. The causes of diabetes vary depending on the type of diabetes from which the patient is suffering. There are three primary types of diabetes that the niche of medicine highlights today, including:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes – This is an auto-immune disease that makes the body’s immune system attack the healthy insulin-secreting beta cells in the pancreas, leading to heightened blood sugar levels.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes – In this the patient’s body becomes resistant to the insulin it is producing, leading to high blood sugar levels.
  3. Gestational Diabetes – This is the type that affects women during pregnancy and childbirth due to the excessive production of insulin-blocking hormones secreted by the placenta, leading to unregulated blood sugar levels in the body.

Whatever the type of diabetes is, consulting the best endocrinologist in Delhi is vital. Regulating the blood sugar levels in the body is crucial to lead a healthy life.

However, coming to the causes, your endocrinologist will generally narrate the list of causes based on the type you are suffering from.

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Although type-1 diabetes is an auto-immune disorder, what primarily triggers the immune response is still unknown. In patients suffering from this type of diabetes, their body’s immune cells treat the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as a threat and attack them, leading to sparse or no secretion of insulin in the body.

Typical explanations from an endocrinologist suggest that the condition is often relayed due to a combination of genetic predisposition along with external environmental factors.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Moving on to the most common type of diabetes, Type-2. In India itself, this diabetes type affects 11.6% of the urban population and 2.4% of the rural population. As for the causes, the condition is a result of genetic predisposition with the influencing unhealthy lifestyle.

One of the key contributors to type-2 diabetes is overweight and obesity, especially around the abdomen and belly, because a visceral fat deposition is one of the leading contributors to insulin resistance. Even leading a sedentary lifestyle or eating an unhealthy diet filled with carbs and unhealthy fats is a leading cause of diabetes in most of the population.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes is predominantly hormone-driven. A mother’s body goes through a series of changes during pregnancy, primarily hormonal changes that contribute to gestational diabetes. Up to 2.4% of women in India develop gestational diabetes during their pregnancy, the numbers getting worse with age.

In certain pregnant women, the placenta produces excess insulin-blocking hormones, making the cells in your body resistant to insulin eventually. Sometimes, the pancreas compensates by producing more insulin, but the tide eventually dies down, making it difficult for the beta cells to keep producing more insulin, leading to this condition. Overweight or obese women are more at risk of developing gestational diabetes.

What are the Treatment Options for Diabetes & Endocrinology Diseases?

The exact treatment options will obviously depend on the particular disease that you are suffering from. To find the best treatment option, firstly the cause for the disease has to be deciphered.

There is a basic strategy that is used while treating any endocrinological disease.

There are medications that are given to the patient to alleviate the symptoms experienced by them. For example, if the patient has increased sugar levels, drugs that reduce the sugar level like insulin will be given to the patient. If the patient has high BP because of hormonal issues, then medications for hypertension would be prescribed.

While the symptoms of the disease are being managed with the help of these medications, the diabetes doctor will be conducting a detailed medical and physical examination for you. This will include a detailed and in-depth medical history of your past illnesses, family history, any drug allergies, etc. Also, many tests will also be done for you. All this is done to reach the definitive diagnosis.

Once the exact cause of the disease is known, efforts are made to treat the cause so that the disease can be cured effectively. But not all diseases can be cured like this. Some endocrinological diseases like Diabetes have no definitive cure and the patient has to take anti-diabetic medication all his/her life once the diagnosis is made.

It takes a very long time to gain the necessary experience and knowledge to treat any endocrinological disorder correctly. Dr. Hemi Soneja is an endocrinologist and a endocrinologist in Delhi who has been practicing for several years and has extensive knowledge about all the endocrinological problems that are seen in patients.

Different Types of Endocrine Disorder

The endocrine system includes about eight glands that produce hormones that act as chemical messengers that travel through the blood to reach various tissues as well as organs. Too much or too little of anything is dangerous and can lead to some diseases. Endocrine disorders are considered as complex as these involve a combination of hyposecretion and hypersecretion due to feedback mechanisms involved in the endocrine system. Some endocrine disorder types are:

  • Menopause
  • Diabetes
  • Addison’s disease
  • Cushing’s disease
  • Graves’ disease
  • Hyperthyroidism/hypothyroidism
  • Prolactinoma
  • Cancers of the endocrine glands

Different Types of Endocrinological Disease

As mentioned previously, there are various types of endocrinological diseases depending on the affected organ and hormones released by that gland. Some of these disorders are discussed in this section. But keep in mind that this is very brief information on various endocrinological diseases and do not attempt to treat any of these at home. If you suffer from any of the following symptoms, consult with only the best endocrinologist in Delhi (if you suffer from Diabetes) & acknowledge as a good endocrinologist in Delhi.

Let’s Dig in..

  • Cushing’s disease
  • Acromegaly
  • Thyroid (Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism)
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II
  • PCOS
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Addison’s disease
  • Diabetes

Cushing’s Disease

Cushing’s disease is caused by an overproduction of the cortisol hormone that is released from the adrenal gland. This can either be primary or secondary depending on the cause for overproduction of adrenal hormones. Symptoms of cushing’s disease include:

  • Buffalo hump (fat deposition in between the shoulder blades)
  • Fatigue
  • Osteoporosis (weakening bones)
  • Moon facies
  • Obesity in the upper half of the body
  • Increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • Increased blood pressure (hypertension), etc.


Growth hormone is released by the pituitary gland in the body. In case of hypersecretion of growth hormone in children, the child has abnormally long bones. Whereas, if the hypersecretion occurs in the adults, after the bones have matured, excess growth hormone causes asymmetrical increase in length of body parts causing disfigurement. Symptoms of acromegaly include:

  • Abnormally large lips, nose or tongue
  • Abnormally large or swollen hands or feet
  • Altered facial bone structure
  • Overgrowth of bone and cartilage and thickening of the skin
  • Sexual dysfunction, including decreased libido, etc

Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Both these disorders are caused by dysfunction in the thyroid hormone released by the thyroid gland. Less secretion of the hormone causes hypothyroidism and over secretion of the thyroid causes hyperthyroidism in a person. Thyroid is a very important hormone in our body and its abnormal levels can cause a lot of problems in the body.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II (MEN I and II)

These are rare, genetically inherited disorders that involve tumor formation in the thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands which leads to the overproduction of hormones released by these glands.

PCOS (PolyCystic Ovary syndrome)

PCOS is a disease caused by improper secretion of reproductive hormones in females of reproductive age. The disbalance in the reproductive hormones can cause symptoms like:

  • Irregular periods
  • Infertility
  • Hirsutism (excess body hair)
  • Acne
  • Male pattern hair loss, etc


Hypopituitarism is a disease caused by under secretion of hormones of the pituitary. Pituitary controls the hormone secretions of various other glands in the body. So hypopituitarism can cause widespread symptoms in the patient. Growth hormone is also released by the pituitary and less secretion of growth hormone causes dwarfism in the patient.

Addison’s Disease

Addison's disease is basically caused by a decreased production of hormones secreted by adrenal gland. Symptoms of the disease include the following:

  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Hyperpigmentation of the skin (bronze appearance)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Missed menstrual periods, etc.

How Endocrine Disorders are Treated?

Endocrine disorders are diseases that are associated with the endocrine gland. When one or more endocrine system parts of a person cannot function correctly endocrine disorder develops. Disturbances in functionality cause high or low levels of certain hormones, which can cause many health issues.

Treatment of endocrine disorders mainly depends upon which hormone is affected at which level and the root cause of the imbalance. There are many treatment options for endocrine disorders:

  1. Hormone replacement therapy is prescribed by the specialist if you don’t make enough hormones. It is done for disorders caused by hormone deficiency like menopause, hypothyroidism, etc.
  2. Medications are prescribed to control the hormone. However, most disorders are treated with medicines like thyroid disorder or diabetes.
  3. Surgery or else radiation therapy, if needed, as the surgery helps to remove the entire or a part of a diseased gland or else organ, comprising severe thyroid issues and adrenal gland tumours. Also, radiation therapy is done for thyroid cancer or severe hyperthyroidism.
  4. Lifestyle changes.
  5. There are many endocrine conditions that are due to lifestyle factors, and modifications are part of the treatment plan. The modifications may include dietary changes, increased physical activities, and stress management techniques.

Why Choose Dr. Hemi Soneja as Your Endocrinologist?

Getting diagnosed with a chronic disease like diabetes is stressful. However, consulting the best Endocrinologist in Delhi can help reduce your burden a lot. Having the right team of doctors working on your diabetes (or any other hormonal disease) management plan can not just alleviate your symptoms but also reassure you of a better life ahead.

Dr Hemi Soneja is a leading name in diabetology and endocrinology with over 18 years of clinical experience. Not only is she globally trained, but she is also one of the very few Indian doctors trained under the American Board of Obesity Medicine, offering you a holistic treatment plan for your condition.

Here’s why you should choose Dr. Hemi if you are on the search for the best endocrinologist in India:

Globally trained physician

Medicine has no limitations to learning, and Dr Hemi is an example of that. Not only has she received her education in India, but she has also further acquired global degrees from esteemed institutions like the American Board of Family Medicine. Also, the staff appointed in her clinic are professionally trained practitioners who will guide you towards a healthier life.

Evaluating patients closely

One of the primary concerns that patients have is not being able to express their views and opinions to their doctors during a consultation. Dr Hemi prioritizes her patient’s views about their health and is the most empathetic endocrinologist in India. Not only is she there to listen to your problems and symptoms, but she evaluates every patient with utmost attention to detail to ensure targeted treatment for them.

Be attentive towards the patient’s financial constraints

Medical treatments now can be expensive. At Dr. Hemi Soneja’s clinic, the primary objective is to make the treatment facilities accessible to every patient who walks through our door. This is why repetitive or highly expensive tests that aren’t going to benefit our patients are strictly avoided. The doctors and staff focus on providing patients the correct diagnosis and help them start their treatment at the earliest to live a happy and healthy life without complications. The processes are transparent, and every step is discussed with the patient to make future decisions.

Equipped with state-of-the-art technology

Dr. Hemi Soneja’s clinic offers one of the leading endocrinology, diabetology and obesity treatment facilities in Delhi. The clinic is equipped with cutting-edge technology and equipment with all the necessary comfort that a patient would need to feel at ease when they first step inside the space. Having access to the newest technology enables the staff to work more efficiently to help patients live a comfortable life without complications.


Endocrine disorders and conditions are challenging to determine in daily routine in general because of a wide range of symptoms and similarities to signs of other common conditions.

Anybody who has experienced any of the above-listed signs must contact Dr. Hemi Soneja, the best endocrinologist in Delhi NCR, a well-established endocrinologist and Obesity Specialist with over 22 years of experience.

She has global expertise in managing conditions like diabetes and obesity, and her specific interests include childhood obesity and preventive medicine. She is amongst the top pediatric endocrinologists in Delhi who believes in offering comprehensive care for all patients who seek various conditions. She holds experience in managing complicated diabetes and provides consultation to patients before and after Bariatric surgery as well.


What is Endocrinology?

Endocrinology is a medical specialty that deals with diseases caused by hormonal imbalances in the body. It encompasses a wide range of disorders resulting from fluctuating levels of hormones in various organs.

What diseases do endocrinologists treat?

Endocrinologists treat diseases caused by hormonal disturbances, including diabetes, Addison’s disease, Cushing’s disease, Grave’s disease, Hashimoto disease, and more. These disorders affect different organs and hormones in the body.

What is the most common hormonal disease?

Diabetes is one of the most common hormonal diseases seen in the population today. It is characterized by increased blood sugar levels and is classified into Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

How are Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes different?

In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, there is an inherent deficiency of insulin production, while in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the body's cells become resistant to the insulin produced, leading to increased blood sugar levels.

What are some symptoms of endocrine disorders?

Symptoms vary based on the specific disorder but may include fatigue, weight changes, abnormal bone growth, changes in blood pressure, and skin pigmentation. For detailed symptoms, consult with the best Endocrinologist in Delhi.

What causes endocrine disorders?

Endocrine disorders can result from autoimmune causes, tumors, destruction of glands, hormone insensitivity, genetics, and environmental factors. The cause depends on the specific disorder.

Can endocrine disorders be cured?

The approach to treatment involves managing symptoms with medications and addressing the underlying cause if possible. While some disorders can be cured, others, like diabetes, may require lifelong management.

Why is diabetes treatment complex?

Diabetes treatment requires personalized care as it involves addressing either a deficiency of insulin (Type 1) or insulin resistance (Type 2). Only an experienced endocrinologist can provide the best treatment plan for individuals.

Why choose Dr. Hemi Soneja as an Endocrinologist?

Dr. Hemi Soneja is a globally trained physician with over 18 years of clinical experience. She offers holistic treatment for diabetes and endocrine disorders, evaluates patients closely, considers financial constraints, and utilizes state-of-the-art technology for effective care.

Case Study

Dr. Hemi Soneja is a senior consultant who is a diabetes specialist in treating Diabetes and helping patients lose weight which is essential for proper treatment of metabolic syndromes.

A verified user, who weighed 126 kgs in the year 2000 and had extremely uncontrolled diabetes (having to use 200 units of insulin in a day), was personally helped by Dr. Hemi Soneja. With consistent effort and determination, this patient has now been able to lose almost 22 kgs of weight and has his diabetes under control with only 20 Units of insulin in a day.

These are the kind of results you get when you only choose the best Endocrinologist in Delhi who has vast knowledge and expertise in treating diabetes and other endocrine problems.

Dr. Hemi Suneja provides personalised treatment for every patient and takes individual care for all. All these qualities are very much sought after and these make Dr. Hemi Soneja the best Endocrinologist in Delhi.

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