Best Endocrinologist In Delhi | Dr Hemi Soneja


Senior Consultant Diabetes & Obesity Medicine

  • Spandan Super Specialty Clinic
  • MBBS, DGO, Diplomate - American Board of Family Medicine,
  • Diplomate - American Board of Obesity Medicine,
  • PG Diabetes Diploma (UK)
  • PG Diploma Endocrinology (UK)

Dr Hemi Soneja is a Senior Consultant in Diabetes & Obesity Medicine with over 18 years of clinical experience in medicine. Dr Hemi is also a Faculty at the University of South Wales, the UK in Diabetes & Obesity Medicine. Dr Hemi Soneja is one of the very few American Board of Obesity Medicine trained doctors in India. Dr Hemi Soneja is a renowned Endocrinologist in Delhi.

She has worked as a Consultant Physician and Obesity Medicine specialist at University Hospitals, Cleveland, USA. She completed her Family Medicine training from Guthrie Clinic, Pennsylvania, USA, after which she trained in Obesity Medicine and certified with the American Board of Obesity Medicine (ABOM). She is also a Endocrinologist in Delhi, having trained in Diabetes management from the USA and obtained a Diploma in Diabetes & Endocrinology from Glamorgan University, UK. She has several research papers and presentations in National and International Journals and societies.

Clinical Expertise/Interests:
Dr Hemi Soneja has a global experience managing lifestyle-related conditions like Obesity, Diabetes and other hormonal disorders including Thyroid and Parathyroid disorders, PCOS, Hyperprolactinemia, Osteoporosis etc. She is an excellent Obesity Specialist Doctor in Delhi. She can treat complicated diabetes, including insulin pumps. She also sees patients before and after Bariatric or Metabolic Surgery to optimise therapy and continued weight loss after that. She believes in providing comprehensive care for her patients seeking weight management and associated managing conditions like diabetes, high BP, cholesterol etc.

Endocrinology is a speciality in medicine that deals with the diseases caused by hormonal imbalances in the body. It is a vast branch covering many diseases. It takes years to become an experienced Endocrinologist. A wide range of diseases are caused by fluctuating levels of different hormones depending on the affected organ and hormone.

Endocrinologists deal with a number of diseases caused by hormonal disturbances like :

  • Diabetes
  • Addison’s diseases
  • Cushing’s disease
  • Grave’s disease
  • Hashimoto disease, etc

The most common hormonal disease that is frequently seen in the population nowadays is diabetes. The basic problem in diabetes is the increased blood sugar levels. This can happen due to two main reasons, based on which diabetes is divided into two types:

  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

But the diabetes treatment in delhi is not that simple. Only an experienced Endocrinologist can provide you the best treatment you deserve.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, there is an inherent deficiency of insulin in the body. Appropriate amount of insulin is not produced by the pancreas which leads to increased blood sugar levels. Insulin helps the glucose move into the cell from blood. Deficiency of insulin inhibits this process, thus causing an increase in the blood sugar levels.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the main problem is insulin resistance. Although the pancreas produces enough insulin for the body, the body cells are not receptive to this insulin and hence glucose is unable to move into the cell causing increased blood sugar levels.

There’s Different Types of Endocrinological Disease

As mentioned previously, there are various types of endocrinological diseases depending on the affected organ and hormones released by that gland. Some of these disorders are discussed in this section. But keep in mind that this is very brief information on various endocrinological diseases and do not attempt to treat any of these at home. If you suffer from any of the following symptoms, consult with only the best Endocrinologist in Delhi (if you suffer from Diabetes) & acknowledge as a good Endocrinologist in Delhi .

Let’s Dig in..

  • Cushing’s disease
  • Acromegaly
  • Thyroid (Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism)
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II
  • PCOS
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Addison’s disease
  • Diabetes
Cushing’s Disease

Cushing’s disease is caused by an overproduction of the cortisol hormone that is released from the adrenal gland. This can either be primary or secondary depending on the cause for overproduction of adrenal hormones. Symptoms of cushing’s disease include:

  • Buffalo hump (fat deposition in between the shoulder blades)
  • Fatigue
  • Osteoporosis (weakening bones)
  • Moon facies
  • Obesity in the upper half of the body
  • Increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • Increased blood pressure (hypertension), etc

Growth hormone is released by the pituitary gland in the body. In case of hypersecretion of growth hormone in children, the child has abnormally long bones. Whereas, if the hypersecretion occurs in the adults, after the bones have matured, excess growth hormone causes asymmetrical increase in length of body parts causing disfigurement. Symptoms of acromegaly include:

  • Abnormally large lips, nose or tongue
  • Abnormally large or swollen hands or feet
  • Altered facial bone structure
  • Overgrowth of bone and cartilage and thickening of the skin
  • Sexual dysfunction, including decreased libido, etc
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Both these disorders are caused by dysfunction in the thyroid hormone released by the thyroid gland. Less secretion of the hormone causes hypothyroidism and over secretion of the thyroid causes hyperthyroidism in a person. Thyroid is a very important hormone in our body and its abnormal levels can cause a lot of problems in the body.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II (MEN I and II)

These are rare, genetically inherited disorders that involve tumor formation in the thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands which leads to the overproduction of hormones released by these glands.

PCOS (PolyCystic Ovary syndrome)

PCOS is a disease caused by improper secretion of reproductive hormones in females of reproductive age. The disbalance in the reproductive hormones can cause symptoms like:

  • Irregular periods
  • Infertility
  • Hirsutism (excess body hair)
  • Acne
  • Male pattern hair loss, etc

Hypopituitarism is a disease caused by under secretion of hormones of the pituitary. Pituitary controls the hormone secretions of various other glands in the body. So hypopituitarism can cause widespread symptoms in the patient. Growth hormone is also released by the pituitary and less secretion of growth hormone causes dwarfism in the patient.

Addison’s Disease

Addison's disease is basically caused by a decreased production of hormones secreted by adrenal gland. Symptoms of the disease include the following:

  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Hyperpigmentation of the skin (bronze appearance)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Missed menstrual periods, etc

Diabetes mellitus is a very common metabolic disease that affects over 422 million people worldwide and is responsible for 1.6 million deaths annually. The causes of diabetes vary depending on the type of diabetes from which the patient is suffering. There are three primary types of diabetes that the niche of medicine highlights today, including:

Type-1 Diabetes – this is an auto-immune disease that makes the body’s immune system attack the healthy insulin-secreting beta cells in the pancreas, leading to heightened blood sugar levels.

Type-2 Diabetes – In this the patient’s body becomes resistant to the insulin it is producing, leading to high blood sugar levels.

Gestational Diabetes – this is the type that affects women during pregnancy and childbirth due to the excessive production of insulin-blocking hormones secreted by the placenta, leading to unregulated blood sugar levels in the body.

Whatever the type of diabetes is, consulting the best Endocrinologist in Delhi is vital. Regulating the blood sugar levels in the body is crucial to lead a healthy life.

However, coming to the causes, your Endocrinologist will generally narrate the list of causes based on the type you are suffering from.

Causes of Type-1 Diabetes

Although type-1 diabetes is an auto-immune disorder, what primarily triggers the immune response is still unknown. In patients suffering from this type of diabetes, their body’s immune cells treat the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as a threat and attack them, leading to sparse or no secretion of insulin in the body.

Typical explanations from an Endocrinologist suggest that the condition is often relayed due to a combination of genetic predisposition along with external environmental factors.

Causes of Type-2 Diabetes

Moving on to the most common type of diabetes, Type-2. In India itself, this diabetes type affects 11.6% of the urban population and 2.4% of the rural population. As for the causes, the condition is a result of genetic predisposition with the influencing unhealthy lifestyle.

One of the key contributors to type-2 diabetes is overweight and obesity, especially around the abdomen and belly, because a visceral fat deposition is one of the leading contributors to insulin resistance. Even leading a sedentary lifestyle or eating an unhealthy diet filled with carbs and unhealthy fats is a leading cause of diabetes in most of the population.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes is predominantly hormone-driven. A mother’s body goes through a series of changes during pregnancy, primarily hormonal changes that contribute to gestational diabetes. Up to 2.4% of women in India develop gestational diabetes during their pregnancy, the numbers getting worse with age.

In certain pregnant women, the placenta produces excess insulin-blocking hormones, making the cells in your body resistant to insulin eventually. Sometimes, the pancreas compensates by producing more insulin, but the tide eventually dies down, making it difficult for the beta cells to keep producing more insulin, leading to this condition. Overweight or obese women are more at risk of developing gestational diabetes.

What are the Causes of Diabetes & Endocrinology diseases

Different endocrine disorders are caused due to different reasons. Some of the common reasons for endocrine disorders include:

  • Autoimmune causes
  • Tumors
  • Destruction of the glands
  • Hormone insensitivity
  • Genetics
  • Environmental factors
Autoimmune Causes

Many endocrinological diseases like Hashimoto thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, are autoimmune disorders. In Hashimoto's thyroiditis, the thyroid gland is destroyed by our immune system and this results in a decreased production of the thyroid hormone. Whereas, in Grave’s disease, an antibody produced by our immune system stimulates the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormone causing hyperthyroidism in the body.


Many times, hormone secreting tumors are formed in various glands of the body that lead to increased production of hormones causing an increased level of that hormone in the body.

Destruction of the glands

Due to various reasons, the endocrine glands of the body can get damaged or destroyed. This will lead to decreased production of hormones in the body.

Hormone insensitivity

In many cases, although an appropriate amount of hormone is being produced by the gland, still symptoms of hyposecretion are seen. This is due to decreased sensitivity of the receptor cells to the particular hormone. This is seen in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.


A lot of hormonal diseases are genetic in nature and are passed from one family member to another in the next generation. Examples include MEN I and II.

Environmental factors

Some environmental factors like diet can lead to the development of endocrinological disorders like the deficiency of iodine in diet can cause goiter and lead to hypothyroidism in the patient.

Cause of diabetes

As Mentioned earlier, there are 2 types of diabetes disorders. While Type 2 DM is caused mainly because of lifestyle problems like obesity, lack of exercise, improper food habits, genetics, etc and is mostly an acquired disease, Type 1 DM is mainly an inherited disease that is caused by the passage of genes from parents to the child.

What are the Treatment Options of Diabetes & Endocrinology diseases

The exact treatment options will obviously depend on the particular disease that you are suffering from. To find the best treatment option, firstly the cause for the disease has to be deciphered.

There is a basic strategy that is used while treating any endocrinological disease.

There are medications that are given to the patient to alleviate the symptoms experienced by them. For example, if the patient has increased sugar levels, drugs that reduce the sugar level like insulin will be given to the patient. If the patient has high BP because of hormonal issues, then medications for hypertension would be prescribed.

While the symptoms of the disease are being managed with the help of these medications, the diabetes doctor will be conducting a detailed medical and physical examination for you. This will include a detailed and in-depth medical history of your past illnesses, family history, any drug allergies, etc. Also, many tests will also be done for you. All this is done to reach the definitive diagnosis.

Once the exact cause of the disease is known, efforts are made to treat the cause so that the disease can be cured effectively. But not all diseases can be cured like this. Some endocrinological diseases like Diabetes have no definitive cure and the patient has to take anti-diabetic medication all his/her life once the diagnosis is made.

It takes a very long time to gain the necessary experience and knowledge to be able to treat any endocrinological disorder correctly. Dr. Hemi Soneja is an Endocrinologist and a Endocrinologist in Delhi who has been practicing for several years and has extensive knowledge about all the endocrinological problems that are seen in patients.

Why Choose Dr Hemi as Your Endocrinologist?

Getting diagnosed with a chronic disease like diabetes is stressful. However, consulting the best Endocrinologist in Delhi can help reduce your burden a lot. Having the right team of doctors working on your diabetes (or any other hormonal disease) management plan can not just alleviate your symptoms but also reassure you of a better life ahead.

Dr Hemi Soneja is a leading name in diabetology and endocrinology with over 18 years of clinical experience. Not only is she globally trained, but she is also one of the very few Indian doctors trained under the American Board of Obesity Medicine, offering you a holistic treatment plan for your condition.

Here’s why you should choose Dr Hemi if you are on the search for the best Endocrinologist in India:

Globally trained physician

Medicine has no limitations to learning, and Dr Hemi is an example of that. Not only has she received her education in India, but she has also further acquired global degrees from esteemed institutions like the American Board of Family Medicine. Also, the staff appointed in her clinic are professionally trained practitioners who will guide you towards a healthier life.

Evaluating patients closely

One of the primary concerns that patients have is not being able to express their views and opinions to their doctors during a consultation. Dr Hemi prioritizes her patient’s views about their health and is the most empathetic Endocrinologist in India. Not only is she there to listen to your problems and symptoms, she evaluates every patient with utmost attention to detail to ensure targeted treatment for them.

Be attentive towards patient’s financial constraints

Medical treatments now can be expensive. At Dr. Hemi Soneja’s clinic, the primary objective is to make the treatment facilities accessible to every patient who walks through our door. This is why repetitive or highly expensive tests that aren’t going to benefit our patients are strictly avoided. The doctors and staff focus on providing patients the correct diagnosis and help them start their treatment at the earliest to live a happy and healthy life without complications. The processes are transparent, and every step is discussed with the patient to make future decisions.

Equipped with state-of-the-art technology

Dr. Hemi Soneja’s clinic offers one of the leading endocrinology, diabetology and obesity treatment facilities in Delhi. The clinic is equipped with cutting-edge technology and equipment with all the necessary comfort that a patient would need to feel at ease when they first step inside the space. Having access to the newest technology enables the staff to work more efficiently to help patients live a comfortable life without complications.

Dr. Hemi Soneja is a senior consultant who is a diabetes specialist in treating Diabetes and helping patients lose weight which is essential for proper treatment of metabolic syndromes.

A verified user, who weighed 126 kgs in the year 2000 and had extremely uncontrolled diabetes (having to use 200 units of insulin in a day), was personally helped by Dr. Hemi Soneja. With consistent effort and determination, this patient has now been able to lose almost 22 kgs of weight and has his diabetes under control with only 20 Units of insulin in a day.

These are the kind of results you get when you only choose the best Endocrinologist in Delhi who has vast knowledge and expertise in treating diabetes and other endocrine problems.

Dr. Hemi Suneja provides personalised treatment for every patient and takes individual care for all. All these qualities are very much sought after and these make Dr. Hemi Soneja the best Endocrinologist in Delhi.

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